Right Form of Verbs

Subject-এর person এবং verb-এর সঠিক form ব‌্যবহার করাই হচ্ছে uses of right form of verbs. নিচে right form of verbs-এর Rules আলোচনা করা হয়েছে।

Uses of Right Form of Verbs

Right Form of Verbs

Right Form of Verbs-এর Rules নিম্নরূপঃ

Rule-1: Universal truth এবং habitual fact (always, regularly, usually, occationally, seldom, now and then প্রভৃতি যুক্ত sentence) প্রকাশে সর্বদাই Simple Present Tense ব‌্যবহার করা হয়। উল্লেখ‌্য এক্ষেত্রে verb-এর subject third person singular number হলে verb-এর সাথে s বা, es যোগ হয়।

Problem: Eclipse (occur) in the day.
Solution: Eclipse occurs in the day.
Problem: Imran seldom (come) in the class.
Solution: Imran seldom comes in the class.
Problem: Summer (to be) simply a hot season.
Solution: Summer is simply a hot season.

Rule-2: Negative বা, Interrogative Sentence-এর ক্ষেত্রে ব্রাকেটের verb ছাড়া আর যদি কোনো Auxiliary না থাকে তবে ব্রাকেটের verb-টি অবিকল অবিকৃত থাকে এবং সাথে অতিরিক্ত হিসেবে subject-এর person number অনুসারে do, does কিংবা did ব‌্যবহার করা হয়।

Problem: Roni not (smoke) regularly.
Solution: Roni does not smoke regularly.
Problem: Jamal (want) to be a member of British Council Library last year?
Solution: Did Jamal want to be a member of British Council Library last year?

Rule-:3 Sentence- now, at this moment, at present প্রভৃতি phrase থাকলে verb-এর continuous form বসে।

Problem: He (receive) driving now.
Solution: He is receiving driving now.

Rule-4: Sentence- just, just now, by this time, already, ever, lately, recently, in the meantime, yet প্রভৃতি থাকলে Present Perfect Tense হয়। তবে yet থাকলে sentence-টি অবশ‌্যই negative হবে।

Problem: Humayun (complete) his course yet.
Solution: Humayun has not completed his course yet.

Rule-5: Sentence- since/for থাকলে এবং verb-এর action বর্তমান কালে প্রসারিত থাকলে verb-এর Present Perfect Continuous Tense হয়।

Problem: Jakaria (prepare) his notes since morning.
Solution: Jakaria has been preparing his notes since morning.

Rule-6: Last night, last week, yesterday, before, ago, long since প্রভৃতি word/phrase থাকলে verb-এর past form বসে।

Problem: Mamun and Shahadat (enjoy) a nice film last week.
Solution: Mamun and Shahadat enjoyed a nice film last week.

Rule-7: Since দ্বারা যুক্ত সময় প্রকাশক clause এবং কার্য প্রকাশক clause-এর ক্ষেত্রে সময় প্রকাশক clause-এর verb present হলে কার্য প্রকাশক clause-এর verb হবে Simple Past Tense. সময় প্রকাশক clause-এর verb past হলে, কার্য প্রকাশক clause-এর verb হবে Past Perfect Tense.

Problem: It is long since you (mail) me.
Solution: It is long since you mailed me.
Problem: It was three years since we (contact) you.
Solution: It was three years since we had contacted you.

Rule-8: একটি বাক‌্যে দুইটি verb থাকলে এবং এই দুইটির কোনো একটি noun-এর অবস্থা বুঝালে verb-টি participle করতে হয়, অর্থাৎ verb-টির সহিত ing যুক্ত হয়।

Problem: I saw the bird (to sit) on the roof.
Solution: I saw the bird sitting on the roof.
Problem: Would you mind (to open) the window?
Solution: Would you mind opening the window?
Problem: I heard him (to say) this.
Solution: I heard him saying this.

Rule-9: Before-এর পূর্বে এবং after-এর পরে Past Perfect Tense ব‌্যবহৃত হয় এবং অন‌্যটি Past Indefinite Tense হয়।

Problem: The patient (to die) before the doctor came.
Solution: The patient had died before the doctor came.
Problem: The rain (to come) after the game started.
Solution: The rain came after the game had started.

Rule-10: Sentence-এর প্রথমে were, had, if থাকলে এবং ইচ্ছাসূচক অর্থ প্রকাশ করলে সর্বশেষ subject-এর পর auxiliary verb "would have" বসে এবং পরবর্তী মূল verb-এর Past Participle হয়।

Problem: Had I been a king, I (help) the poor.
Solution: Had I been a king I would have helped the poor.
Problem: If I (to try), I would have succeed.
Solution: If I had tried I would have succeeded.

Rule-11: Interrogative Sentence-এ যদি what, where, when, who, which, whose, why, how থাকে তাহলে subject এর পূর্বে tense person অনুযায়ী to be verb যোগ করতে হয়।

Problem: Why Mrs. Adiba (look) so angry?
Solution: Why does Mrs. Adiba look so angry?

Rule-12: No sooner had .... than, scarcely had when, hardly had .... before থাকলে ১ম ব্রাকেটের verb-কে Past Participle করতে হয় এবং ২য় ব্রাকেটের verb-কে Past form করতে হয়।

Problem: No sooner had he (see) the police than he (run) away.
Solution: No sooner had he seen the police than he ran away.

Rule-13: Had better, had rather, would rather, let, must, need, dare ইত‌্যাদির পর প্রদত্ত verb-এর Present form হয় এবং উক্ত to উঠে যায়।

Problem: You had better (to go) home.
Solution: You had better go home.
Problem: I will not let you (to enter) the class room.
Solution: I will not let you enter the class room.

Rule-14: Sentence-এর শুরুতে would that থাকলে Subject-এর পরে could বসে প্রদত্ত verb-এর Present form বসে।

Problem: Would that I (go) to college.
Solution: Would that I could go to college.

Rule-15: To be এবং having-এর পর মূল verb-এর Past Participle হয়।

Problem: He ran away having (take) the money.
Solution: He ran away having taken the money.
Problem: The principal desired the notice to be (hang).
Solution: The principal desired the notice to be hung.

Rule-16: প্রদত্ত verb-এর পূর্বে mind, worth, without, past, cannot help, could not help, with a view to, look forward to, would you mind, get used to এবং preposition থাকলে ব্রাকেটের verb-এর সাথে ing যোগ করতে হয়।

Problem: I went to the library with a view to (read) there.
Solution: I went to the library with a view to reading there.

Rule-17: It is high time, it is time, wish, fancy ইত‌্যাদি থাকলে ব্রাকেটের verb-এর Past form হয়।

Problem: I fancy I (turn) pale.
Solution: I fancy I turned pale.
Problem: I wish I (sing) a song.
Solution: I wish I sang a song.

Rule-18: As though, as if, wish থাকলে ব্রাকেটের to be-এর জায়গায় were বসে।

Problem: I wish I (to be) a king.
Solution: I wish I were a king.

Rule-19: Every, each, one of থাকলে প্রদত্ত verb-এর singular হয়।

Problem: One of the boys (be) absent yesterday.
Solution: One of the boys was absent yesterday.

Rule-20: Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would ইত‌্যাদি auxiliary verb হিসাবে ব‌্যবহৃত হলে মূল verb-টি Present Tense হবে।

Problem: I can (do) the work.
Solution: I can do the work.
Problem: You may (come) tomorrow.
Solution: You may come tomorrow.

Rule-21: কোনো sentence যদি there দ্বারা শুরু হয় এবং তারপর যদি singular number থাকে তাহলে there-এর পরে singular verb বসে। আর plural number থাকলে there এর পর plural verb বসে।

Problem: There (be) a high school in our village.
Solution: There is a high school in our village.
Problem: There (be) two high schools in our village.
Solution: There are two high schools in our village.

Rule-22: 'Let'-এর পর verb সবসময় Present Indefinite Tense হয়।

Problem: I let the other boys (to use) it.
Solution: I let the other boys use it.
Problem: Let us all (to go) to enjoy the circus.
Solution: Let us all go to enjoy the circus.

Rule-23: 'Need' modal হিসাবে ব‌্যবহৃত হলে, কোনো অবস্থাতেই এই ক্রিয়া পদটির 's' যুক্ত হবে না।

Problem: The old man (need) not work all day long.
Solution: The old man need not work all day long.

Rule-24: কোনো সময়ের উল্লেখ থাকে না এমন sentence-এ যদি always, regularly, sometimes, often, generally, daily, everyday, occasionally, usually, normally ইত‌্যাদি থাকে তবে Present Indefinite Tense হয়।

Problem: He always (disturb) the class.
Solution: He always disturbs the class.
Problem: A good boy (prepare) his lessons regularly.
Solution: A good boy prepares his lessons regularly.

Rule-25: বর্তমানে চলছে এমন কোনো কাজ বুঝাতে verb-এর Present Continuous Tense হয়। এক্ষেত্রে বর্তমান সময়ে (যেমন- now, at this moment ইত‌্যাদি) উল্লেখ থাকে।

Problem: He (sing) a song now.
Solution: He is singing a song now.

Rule-26: Since-এর ১ম অংশ Present Indefinite/ Present Perfect Tense হলে পরের অংশ Past Indefinite Tense হয়।

Problem: It is many years since I (come) to Dhaka.
Solution: It is many years since I came to Dhaka.

Rule-27: Since-এর প্রথম অংশ Past Indefinite হলে পরের অংশ Past Perfect করতে হবে।

Problem: It was long since I see her last.
Solution: It was long since I had seen her last.

Rule-28: ব্রাকেটের verb-এর পূর্বের অংশের অর্থাৎ main clause-এর verb-টি Past Tense-এর হলে এবং পরের অংশে কোনো সময়ের (next day, next week, next month, next year ইত‌্যাদি) উল্লেখ থাকলে ব্রাকেটের verb-এর পূর্বে would/should বসে। এক্ষেত্রে ব্রাকেটের verb-টির Present form হয়।

Problem: He said that he (go) home the next day.
Solution: He said that he would go home the next day.

Rule-29: Passive be verb-এর পর ব্রাকেটের verb-এর Past Participle হয়।

Problem: The book was (steal).
Solution: The book was stolen.

Rule-30: If clause-টি যদি Present Indefinite Tense হয় তাহলে অপরটি (principal Clause-টি) Future Indefinite Tense হয়।

Problem: If he works hard, he (shine) in life.
Solution: If he works hard, he will shine in life.

Rule-31: If clause-টি Past Indefinite-এ থাকলে Principal Clause-টির (অপর অংশটি) subject-এর পরে might/ could/ would বসে এবং ব্রাকেটের verb-টির Present form বসে।

Problem: If he came, I (go).
Solution: If he came, I would go.
Problem: I would help him if he (want).
Solution: I would help him if he wanted.

Rule-32: Had + Subject + Past Participle দ্বারা কোনো sentence শুরু হলে অপরটি Perfect Conditional হয় অর্থাৎ subject-এর পর would have/ could have/ might have বসে এবং ব্রাকেটের verb এর Past Participle হয়।

Problem: Had I been a king, I (help) the poor.
Solution: Had I been a king, I would have helped the poor.

Rule-33: কোনো কাজ পূর্বে শুরু হয়ে এখনও চলছে বুঝালে verb এর Present Perfect Continuous Tense হয়।

Problem: It (rain) since morning.
Solution: It has been raining since morning.

Rule-34: While-এর ঠিক পরেই ব্রাকেটের মধ‌্যে যে ক্রিয়া থাকে তার সাথে ing যোগ হয়। কিন্তু while-এর পরে subject থাকলে while-এর অংশটি Past Continuous Tense হয়।

Problem: While (walk) in the garden, a snake bit him.
Solution: While walking in the garden, a snake bit him.

Rule-35: কোনো sentence-এর verb তার subject-এর number এবং person অনুযায়ী ব‌্যবহৃত হয় অর্থাৎ subject singular হলে verb singular হয় এবং subject plural হলে verb plural হয়।

Problem: The colour of his eyes (be) blue.
Solution: The colour of his eyes is blue.
Problem: The players in the field (be) strong.
Solution: The players in the field are strong.

Rule-36: একই দৈর্ঘ‌্য, পরিমাণ বা স্থান বুঝালে subject দেখতে plural হলেও verb singular হয়।

Problem: Fifty miles (be) a long way.
Solution: Fifty miles is a long way.

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